Solid State Chemistry (Distance Learning Students)


Unit code: CHEM31312
Credit Rating: 10
Unit level: Level 3
Teaching period(s): Semester 2
Offered by School of Chemistry
Available as a free choice unit?: N

Requisites

None

Aims

  The course unit aims to:

  • describe the theory and techniques that have made the diffraction of X-rays by crystals one of the most powerful tools available to chemists;
  • introduce some of the vast array of structures of inorganic extended crystalline solids and illustrate how the structure of the solid is related to the bonding and chemical composition within the solid and its properties are related to the structure, bonding and chemical composition;
  • describe the chemistry of the  metal-organic framework family.

Overview

Seeing molecules (Robin Pritchard 4 lectures and 4 workshops):

  • Theory and application of single-crystal X-ray diffraction;
  • X-ray powder diffraction;

Structure and Properties of Inorganic Extended Crystalline Solids (Martin Attfield, 7 lectures and 1 workshop):

  • Crystalstructures, their descriptions and common inorganic extended crystalline solids;
  • Influence of bonding type and non-bonding electrons on the structures of inorganic solids;
  • Metallic bonding, band theory and electronic conduction in inorganic crystalline solids;
  • Defects, non-stoichiometry and ionic conduction in inorganic crystalline solids.

Disordered and Partially Ordered Systems (Gareth Law, 7 lectures and 1 workshop):

  • Elemental analysis of solid phases and solutions;
  • Colloid chemistry analysis of colloid size, mobility and stability;
  • Reactions of bulk and colloid surfaces - surface complex formation double layer effects;
  • Models of colloid and surface reactions with metal ions;
  • Surface analysis techniques and element mapping.

 

Teaching and learning methods

This distance learning version of CHEM30312 is supported by online material which students are invited to work through at their own pace.

Learning outcomes

 Students successfully completing this unit should have developed the ability to:

  • Understand crystallographic terminology and selected diffraction theory;
  • Realise the wide range of chemical information available from diffraction based techniques;
  • Possess a knowledge of the variety of structures of inorganic extended crystalline solids;
  • Understand the effect of bonding type and the presence of non-bonding electrons on the structure of inorganic solids;
  • Understand electronic and ionic conduction in inorganic solids and the influence of composition, structure and bonding on these properties;
  • Understand the concepts of crystal engineering and fundamental chemistry of coordination polymer and framework materials ;
  • Understand the fundamental theory of physical adsorption in porous materials ;
  •  Understand the concept of design and modification of solid porous materials.

Students successfully completing this unit should have developed the following professional skills:

  • Concept assimilation;
  • Analytical skills and interpretation of data from structural and analytical techniques;
  • Problem-solving skills;
  • Numeracy, mathematical and computational skills;
  • Investigative skills
  • Communication skills
  • Time management and organizational skills.

Transferable skills and personal qualities

Students successfully completing this unit should have developed the following professional skills:

  • Concept assimilation;
  • Analytical skills and interpretation of data from structural and analytical techniques;
  • Problem-solving skills;
  • Numeracy, mathematical and computational skills;
  • Investigative skills
  • Communication skills
  • Time management and organizational skills.

Assessment methods

  • Written exam - 100%

Recommended reading

 

  • P. Atkins and J. dePaula, Atkins' Physical Chemistry, 7th Edition, 2002
  • J. Pickworth Glusker, K.N. Trueblood, Crystal Structure Analysis, 2nd Edition, 1985
  • W. Clegg, Crystal Structure Determination, 1998
  • A. R. West, Basic Solid State Chemistry, 1999
  • L. Smart and E. Moore, Solid State Chemistry An Introduction, 1995
  • H. C. Zhou, J. R. Long, and O. M. Yaghi, Chem. Rev., 2012, issue 2.
  • H.C. Zhou and S. Kitagawa, Chem. Soc. Rev. 2014, issue 43.

Feedback methods

 There are three tutorials covering all aspects of the course: students receive feedback from their Inorganic Tutors. In addition, there are 5 workshops where students can attempt questions and receive instant feedback. The three academics delivering the material are also available to see students.

Study hours

  • Assessment practical exam - 2 hours
  • Independent study hours - 98 hours

Teaching staff

Martin Attfield - Unit coordinator

Sihai Yang - Unit coordinator

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